20 THE FATE OF MAN suggestion and often enter a state of collective demoniac possession. They may be possessed only by ideas which permit of a simple and elemental symbolism, a mode quite characteristic of our time. The search for leaders who can lead the masses, offer alleviation for woes, solve all problems, means simply that all the classic authorities have fallen, monarchy and democracy together, and that they must be replaced by new authorities, born of the collective " possession " of the mass. The leader must provide " bread and the theatre." He usually gives more of the latter than the former. Hitler, up to the present moment, has offered almost exclusively the theatre: his politics are like the setting of a Wagnerian opera. He too, by the way, is nour- ished upon hatred, and it is an astonishing fact that, for a while at least, hatred may be a substitute for bread. For a while men can live on hatred, but not for long. There is more theatre than bread in communist Russia, also, and there also they are trying to live on hatred, hence the constant need of an enemy and the seatch for "harmers."1 1 " Harmer '* or " wrecker " is the -word made popular in Soviet Hussia to indicate one who does something to kapedfc the ^ogress of the Soviet State, The Vickers engineer were arraigned as "Harmers," but the word applies equally to a p«&s$nt who does a poor job of ploughing or a factory workman Who is careless in the use of tools^—D," A. L.